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National Digital Library of India dedicated to the Nation

(19 June 2018) The Union Human Resource Development Minister, Shri Prakash Javadekar launched the new digital initiative of HRD Ministry. National Digital Library of India, on the occasion of National Reading Day in New Delhi today. This National Digital Library of India (NDLI) is a project of the Ministry of Human Resource Development under the aegis of National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT). The objective of NDL is to make digital educational resources available to all citizens of the country to empower, inspire and encourage learning. National Digital Library of India is developed by IIT Kharagpur.

NDL is the single window platform that collects and collates metadata from premier learning institutions in India and abroad, as well as other relevant sources. It is a digital repository containing textbooks, articles, videos, audio books, lectures, simulations, fiction and all other kinds of learning media.

Speaking on the occasion the Minister said that a new era of Digital India has begun as we dedicate this Digital Library to the Nation. He said that the National Digital Library is a 24×7 ubiquitous knowledge resource that is accessible to anyone with internet access and it is built to enable the rise of Digital India. The Minister said that anybody can access the digital library anytime and anywhere absolutely free of cost and will contribute greatly to the Government’s commitment towards “Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat”.

The Minister explained that NDLI is a digital library that makes quality learning resources available to all learners and  has 1.7 Crore [17 million] content from more than 160 sources, in over 200 languages, with 30 lakh [3 million] registered users. The target is to increase the number of users 10 times in a year. He said that the NDLI platform is collaborative in nature and extended his regards to contributing institutions which have made available their digital repositories for integration with NDLI.

Shri Prakash Javadekar added that apart from the website, NDL is also available on the mobile app. NDLI Mobile app is enabling access to rich digital content of libraries across the country and even foreign repositories to users even in the remotest of areas. He further said that the App, which has been downloaded over 6.70 lakh times, is currently available for both iPhone and Android users. Users can search for content using various parameters like subject matter, source, content type and more. Right now the app is available in three languages – English, Hindi and Bengali.

NDLI can be accessed here:

The full announcement is here.

FAO launches Open Access for all publications

New policy facilitates and promotes access to a wealth of knowledge for all

(18 June 2018, Rome) As of today, FAO will implement an Open Access policy, enabling maximum reach and ease of use for FAO knowledge products.

FAO has been disseminating knowledge since its foundation in 1945, and its publications have been freely accessible in the FAO online Document Repository since 1998.

The new Open Access policy goes a step further; not only ensuring that FAO’s wealth of knowledge remains easily accessible to users around the world, but actively encouraging and providing a framework for the broader use, reproduction and dissemination of this material.

“This policy is a recognition of the importance that FAO places on the universal right of access to information.  FAO knowledge is a global public good, and it should be free of unreasonable barriers to access for those who need it most,” said Enrique Yeves, Director of the Office of Corporate Communications.

In concrete terms, FAO will apply a Creative Commons 3.0 IGO license to all eligible publications and documents published on its Web site.

The policy uses a license developed together with the World Intellectual Property Organization and other United Nations and international organizations and designed for international institutions – which have unique legal status – to allow unrestricted online access to expert research.

“FAO is proud to join the growing number of organizations who fully support and stand behind the principles of Open Access,” said Pedro Javaloyes, head of publishing. “And the use of Creative Commons licenses, a standard for open sharing of information, will enable FAO to share information better, faster and with greater efficiency, thereby helping us to get our message out to those who really need it.”

How it works

The new policy covers FAO publications and documents published in the FAO online Document Repository from now on. For earlier publications, original licensing conditions – which encourage use but may require permission – apply.

With implementation of the policy, third parties can make use of FAO’s published works in more and easier ways – reproducing them, using snippets, and adapting them for their own ends. Permission is not required for non-commercial use, as long as FAO is cited as the source of the material.

The policy will particularly benefit member states, policy makers, researchers and others engaged in sharing information in support of resolving global hunger issues and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals – most of which require constant scientific input.

For further information on FAO’s Open Access policy and Creative Commons license, please contact

This announcement is here.

MIT and Royal Society of Chemistry sign first North American “Read and Publish” agreement for scholarly articles

Experiment aims to shift publishing models toward open access

(14 June 2018) The MIT Libraries and the Royal Society of Chemistry have signed a groundbreaking license agreement that incorporates elements of a traditional subscription purchase and open access to scholarly articles. The experimental two-year agreement is seen as an important step on the path toward making more research freely and openly available to the world.

The new agreement combines traditional subscription-based access to Royal Society of Chemistry articles for the MIT community with immediate open access to MIT-authored articles, making them freely available to all audiences at the time of publication. It is the first of its kind among North American institutions.

“This is an important move toward the kind of transformation we want to see in the scholarly communication landscape,” says Chris Bourg, director of the MIT Libraries and co-chair of the Institute’s Task Force on Open Access to MIT Research. “Working with a partner like the Royal Society of Chemistry, which shares many of our values, helps us evolve toward new business models that better align with our mission.”

The agreement, known as “read and publish,” will run through 2019. Through the agreement, articles published in Royal Society of Chemistry journals by MIT corresponding authors during this period will be made openly available at the time of publication at no cost to the author. The aim of the offsetting agreement is that, over time, as more universities adopt this type of contract, the proportion of paywalled articles will decline and funding will shift to supporting open access to research.

Emma Wilson, director of Publishing at the Royal Society of Chemistry, says: “It’s exciting to enter into this agreement with MIT Libraries, to support them towards their open access goals, as we do for partners in a growing number of countries around the world.

“We are a not-for-profit publisher of high-quality chemical science content, our aim is to sustainably disseminate this research and information. As part of our commitment to sustainable open access publishing, we work with individual institutions to agree content deals specific to their needs.”

In order to encourage this overall transition to open access, MIT and the Royal Society of Chemistry collaborated on significant new language in the agreement, signaling the Royal Society of Chemistry’s commitment to a fully open access publishing model in the future. The agreement affirms that the current read and publish model is a “transitional business model whose aim is to provide a mechanism to shift over time to full open access.” Making this successful transition to full open access will require collaborations across universities.

“Pursuing our goals for making research and scholarship more widely accessible requires working more collaboratively,” says Greg Eow, associate director for collections at MIT Libraries. “We hope our peer institutions will join us in experimenting with new publishing models and helping to move the dial toward openness.”

The Royal Society of Chemistry is the world’s leading chemistry community, advancing excellence in the chemical sciences. With over 50,000 members and a knowledge business that spans the globe, we are the UK’s professional body for chemical scientists; a not-for-profit organisation with 175 years of history and an international vision for the future. We promote, support and celebrate chemistry. We work to shape the future of the chemical sciences – for the benefit of science and humanity.

The MIT Libraries are an engine for creating, sharing, and safeguarding knowledge at the Institute and beyond. The Libraries envision a world where enduring, abundant, equitable, and meaningful access to information serves to empower and inspire humanity.

The announcement is here.

Dr. Hwa-Wei Lee, honored in Thailand

(17 June 2018) On April 27, 2018, Dr. Hwa-Wei Lee was awarded a Medal of Appreciation from Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand during the official opening ceremony of the modernized library of Asian Institute of Technology in Bangkok, Thailand. Dr. Lee was the founding library director of AIT under the sponsorship of U.S. Agency for International Development from 1968 to 1975. In recent years, he served as a member of the International Advisory Committee for the modernized library project.

APALA has the story.

Ohio University Libraries also has more story with pictures.

HighWire leads industry rollout of Universal CASA, in partnership with Google Scholar

Building on last year’s CASA launch, Universal CASA means researchers can access content any time, anywhere, from any device and any source

(11 June 2018, Los Gatos, CA) HighWire, the technology partner of choice for leading commercial and scholarly publishers, has become the first systems supplier to roll out the new ‘Universal Campus Activated Subscriber Access’ service (Universal CASA) in cooperation with Google Scholar. All content published through HighWire’s Intelligent Publishing Platform will be compatible with Universal CASA – meaning researchers can access the content any time, anywhere, from any device and any source.

Traditionally, researchers were limited to accessing scholarly content on-campus, meaning their workflow was restrictive and productivity was limited. The introduction of CASA functionality by Google Scholar and publishing systems suppliers last year was the first step in addressing that challenge, allowing researchers to access subscribed content remotely and on mobile devices, in the same way they would on-campus.

As the workflows and processes of researchers continue to evolve, the rollout of Universal CASA addresses the next key problem: scholars start their research journeys from a variety of different places. These can range from a journal’s homepage or search engines such as PubMed or Google Web Search, social media feeds and email alerts. And prior to the introduction of Universal CASA, these journeys did not have easy pathways to legitimate, accessible content available off-campus.

Anurag Acharya, co-creator of Google Scholar, explains: “The initial rollout of CASA has been hugely successful – because, quite simply, it just works. For the first time researchers could start a literature survey on campus and resume where they left off once they were home, or travelling, with no hoops to jump through. Universal CASA builds on that success by making it effortless for researchers to access content, no matter where the journey begins.”

John Sack, Founding Director at HighWire, described Universal CASA as an important step in the company’s Access Anywhere approach: “Last year, around three quarters of U.S. and U.K. adults used the internet ‘on the go’. I would estimate researchers carry out as much as a third of their work away from campus – and since Google notes that the use of CASA rises on the weekends, it’s likely that those “out of office” hours in the evenings and the weekends are literature-study times for many scholars.

“At HighWire we have always aimed to extend the reach, impact, and exchange of knowledge and ideas. And as researchers become increasingly mobile, seamless access will become the new normal. That’s why we’re so proud to be the first systems supplier rolling out Universal CASA, making our clients’ content available to scholars any time, anywhere, from any device and any source. Whether it’s an email from a colleague, a blog post, a Google search, a Tweet or elsewhere. researchers can then click through to legitimate, authorized content, without using Sci-Hub as a work around to off-campus barriers.”

Universal CASA introduces a new, small badge to let the reader know they have access to a specific article. This badge will display on each article page and will include a help link that will allow users to learn more about or to remove CASA based links.

In addition to CASA and Universal CASA, over the last year, HighWire and Google also rolled out their Quick Abstract innovation, which optimises mobile Google Scholar to speed up mobile research workflow by loading article abstracts at fast speeds so that researchers can quickly scan, swipe and discover the correct scholarly resource remotely and on the go.

For more information about HighWire’s Intelligent Publishing Platform and compatibility with Universal CASA, visit:

HighWire has the news here.

Ruth’s Rankings News Flash! 2018-3: Top News from THE and QS updates

  • Hong Kong University of Science and Technology is THE’s best Young University;
  • Malaysia adds four universities to the QS 2019 World Rankings

(16 June 2018) During the past few weeks, Times Higher Education released updated rankings piecemeal, in preparation for its September to October release of its  2019 world rankings. At the same time, QS rolled out its 2019 World Rankings. For each update, I looked for changes in methodology or any notable changes in rankings.


THE Young Universities 2018

Unlike some of THE’s other rankings, there is at least a guarantee that the rankings will change as young universities become middle aged. We covered the young university rankings in depth in Ruth’s Rankings 25, April 2017.

From 100 in 2012 to 200 in 2017, there are now 250 Young universities ranked in 2018. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology is number one for the first time.

Fifty five  countries are represented, up from 48 in 2017. The UK is most represented with 31, but none are in the top 40. Australia leads the Asia-Pacific region with 22 followed by Taiwan with eleven, Japan with nine, South Korean  and Malaysia with seven. Hong Kong  has three, China has two, and Singapore and Thailand each have one. The U.S. has six. Click here for methodology.  See Table 1 for tops in the World and in Asia-Pacific.

The 2018 Young rankings include generational rankings. The leaders in Asia for each generation are:

  • Generation X (1968 – 1985) :  Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIST), founded 1971
  • Generation Y (1986 – 1999): Top ranked overall Hong Kong UST, founded 1991
  • Millennials (2000-  ):  Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (Korea), founded 2009 and making its first appearance in these rankings.

On their 51st birthdays, universities are eligible for inclusion in the Golden Age, group, this year from 1945 – 67. The number of ranked Golden agers increased from 100 in 2017 to 200 in 2018. Top ranked is the University of California San Diego followed by Australian National University and Chinese University of Hong Kong as number three. Japan has the largest contingent with 28, followed by the UK with 23.

THE Reputation Rankings 2018

Last June, Ruth’s Rankings 27  analyzed reputation rankings and their impact on overall world rankings.  Little has changed. Nine of the top ten in the world are the same as last year and the top eight are in the same order. Nine of the top ten in the Asia Pacific are also the same with some difference in order. The most noticeable change in reputation is Nanyang Technological University going from the 81 to 90 range to 51 to 60. The most noticeable differences are between the Asian universities’ reputation rankings and their world rankings.  See Table 2. Note the world scores. Number one Harvard has a score of 100 and number 22 ETH Zurich has a score of 16.6. Only the top 50 receive scores.

THE International Student Rankings 2018

I also checked the list of top 200 universities for international students, based on the proportion of international students as reported by the university. 72 of the universities are from the UK.  English speaking countries make up about 75% of the list. Hong Kong has six and Singapore has two. China and Taiwan have one each. Two schools from the UAE are in the top four, the American University of Sharjah, ranked in the range 601-800 in THE’s 2018 World Ranking and the University of Sharjah, ranked 801-1000.  The highest ranked from  East Asia is Hong Kong University.  Both Singaporean Universities and five of the Hong Kong universities are in the top 100.  The United States has 27 universities but only one in the top 50, Carnegie Mellon, which also has a campus in Qatar. Japan is not on the list.  What is notable is that six of the top 10 are Young universities. See Table 3. Table 3

NOTE:  Times Higher Education limits the number of articles that can be read in a month. By registering, you can read a couple more.

QS 2019 World Rankings

The 2019 QS World University rankings  includes 1,000 universities. The methodology has remained the same since 2015. The world’s top 10 are the same as last year, with a couple of changes in order. Seven of the top 10 are the same as in 2004 . Five of the top 10 are from the United States, four from the United Kingdom and one from Switzerland.  See Table 4 for the Top 10 in the world. Table 4

In Asia, National University of Singapore rose from 15 to 11 in 2019 while Nanyang Technological University  dropped from 11 to 12. Singapore, China, Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea have two each.  Eight of the top ten are the same as in 2004 as shown in Table 5.

19 Asia-Pacific countries have at least one university in the rankings.  Vietnam made its first appearance. India added five universities with ten in the bottom range of 801-1000. Japan also has 10 in the bottom range. Malaysia gained four with one to the top 100. Singapore and Hong Kong, with a limited number of ranked institutions have the highest percent in the top 100. We talk about the growth of China, and they only have two more universities in the top 200 than in 2004.  Asia-Pac overall has fewer than 20% more universities in the top 200 then 2004. See Table 6.


From the perspective of an author trying to find a story or an institution aspiring to be at the top of the world, there is little room for change at the top of the overall rankings, especially as methodologies have become more stable.  On the other hand, I am suspicious when I see rapid changes year on year and go back to check the underlying scores, and data if it is available.  However, I will keep reporting on the updates.

The next post will be on Reuters updated list of Most Innovative universities. This has taken me into the world of  lists of technologically ready countries and patents and a new feature of U-Multirank.

ARTiFACTS and ies Consulting partner to expand use of blockchain-based platform in scholarly communication

Leading academic research consulting firm in Asia-Pacific region to use blockchain-based collaboration platform to enhance visibility of researcher achievements

(10 June 2018, Cambridge, MA and Singapore) ARTiFACTS, creator of the world’s first blockchain-based platform for scholarly research, and Innovative Education Services (ies), the Asia-Pacific based consulting firm focused on enhancing quality and global visibility of Asian-Pacific scientific research, have formed a partnership to advance the use of blockchain in scholarly communications. Under this partnership, ARTiFACTS and ies will work together to expand the use of blockchain technology to help academic institutions, their researchers, and funding organizations throughout the Asia-Pacific region improve speed, collaboration, access, transparency, and attribution in scholarly research.

ies will train its clients on the ARTiFACTS platform and will also provide access for these clients to start using the platform to establish proof of existence for research outputs, share research artifacts, and provide and receive immutable attribution in real-time during the research process. Researchers will benefit from the ability to easily and securely share in-process work to speed collaboration and build reputation as research is conducted.  Academic institutions will benefit from the enhanced visibility of world-class research created by their investigators, improving their enterprise reputation and introducing new collaborative opportunities. Funding organizations will sharpen their understanding of the outcomes and impact of their research grants.

“ARTiFACTS and ies are both focused on addressing challenges in scholarly communications to improve the visibility of research outputs, accelerate the research cycle, and enhance recognition of researchers’ achievements in real-time,” said ARTiFACTS Chief Academic Officer and Co-Founder, Dave Kochalko. “Our partnership will help achieve these objectives, expand our respective user communities, and also enhance connections among researchers and their institutions in Asia-Pacific with their counterparts globally.”

The two entities have agreed to pursue implementations of the ARTiFACTS platform with leading academic research institutions and research funding organizations in Asia-Pacific. In turn, these institutions will make the ARTiFACTS platform available to the scholars and scientists they support. Collectively, this collaboration will bring the benefits of a blockchain-based approach to scholarly knowledge and attribution dissemination to a region experiencing rapid growth in outputs and interest from the global community.

“This is an exciting opportunity for us to offer expanded research outreach solutions, helping researchers to improve the visibility of their work,” said Woei Fuh, Wong, the General Manager for Consulting at ies. “This synergistic partnership helps to promote open science and strengthen the values of transparency and reproducibility in th fast-growing Asia Pacific research community.”

For more information on the ARTiFACTS platform, visit For more information on ies, visit

About Innovative Education Services

ies is a Singapore based regional consulting firm for the future skills of researchers, innovators and  professionals.  As  a  subsidiary  of  iGroup  Asia  Pacific,  a  regional information solution provider, ies provides  the  latest  skill  sets  and  world-class  technologies  in  resolving  individual  and  organizational challenges in preparation for the future. In the space of Scholarly Communication, Research Outreach is the emerging trend. All services from ies include: workshops, analytics, and technologies.


ARTiFACTS provides a simple, user-friendly platform, purpose built for academic and scientific research that leverages blockchain technology. Researchers can record a permanent, valid, and immutable chain of records in real-time, from the earliest stages of research for all research artifacts, including citing/attribution transactions. While today’s digital scholarship merely creates linkages among an artificially narrowed subset of indexed publications long after discoveries are made, ARTiFACTS focuses on capturing and linking knowledge from its initial ideation throughout the research process to informal and formal dissemination. By using the ARTiFACTS platform, researchers will be able to immutably prove ownership and existence of novel work, expand access to their research artifacts, provide and receive ‘real-time’ attribution for novel work and more comprehensively and rapidly build and demonstrate their body of scholarly contributions.

To learn more, visit us at and follow us on Twitter @ARTiFACTS_ai.


ICoASL 2019 takes place in India

(12 June 2018) The Sixth International Conference of Asian Special Libraries (ICoASL 2019) on Libraries and Librarianship in Digital Plus Era takes place 14-16 February 2019 at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, India.

It is organised by the Special Libraries Association, Asian Chapter in collaboration with the Institute of Economic Growth, Ambedkar University Delhi, Society for Library Professionals.

Associate Partners are the Korea Special Libraries Association and APPTIS (Asosiasi Perpustakaan Perguruan Tinggi Islam, Indonesia).

Details are here.

Hang Seng Management College Hong Kong hiring Associate Librarian

(12 June 2018) The Associate Librarian will:

  • provide leadership in the development of strategic planning and formulation of policies for the library user-centered services;
  • develop and implement innovative approaches for effective scholarly communication, instruction activities, reference and access services;
  • evaluate and develop library outreach and public services strategies;
  • cultivate strong liaison relationships with faculty to design library instruction classes and develop information literacy programmes in academic curriculum;
  • prepare timely reports, financial and statistical analysis to support decision making; and
  • serve on library-wide committees and lead special projects.

Applicants should:

  • possess a recognized university degree and professional qualification in librarianship (MLS or equivalent);
  • have at least 7 years of experience at supervisory level in academic libraries;
  • have working knowledge in developing scholarly communication programmes, information literacy skills, library services and outreach;
  • have knowledge of library profession trends, theories and best practices for the delivery of innovative user services;
  • have the ability to work independently with initiative as well as a member of a team; and
  • have excellent planning, analytical, interpersonal, oral and written communication skills.

Deadline for applications is 2 July 2018.

The full job description and how to apply is here.

Invitation to Vertigo Ventures’ Seminar on Engagement & Impact: Creating 4* RAE Impact Case Studies

(12 June 2018) Vertigo Ventures is pleased to invite you to their seminar on Engagement & Impact: Creating 4* RAE Impact Case Studies to be held on Thursday 21 June 2018, 4:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. (followed by light refreshments) @ The Hub, 1/F., Fortune Building, 150-158 Lockhart Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong.

This seminar will be led by Vertigo Ventures’ founder and CEO, Laura Tucker, and Innovative Education Services’ General Manager, Woei-Fuh Wong, and Brunel University’s Dr. Jeung Lee, covering:

  • A brief introduction to research impact and why it is important
  • What makes a 4* RAE impact case study?
  • Creating Pathways to Impact
  • A live demo of VV-Impact Tracker with its innovative RAE related functions

Impact reporting has grown in value exponentially over the last decade. Today, the University Grants Committee (UGC) requires systematic impact planning and reporting from universities as part of the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) 2020. Impact data has become key for making the business case for investment in research. Whilst the funding landscape is subject to change, the requirement to demonstrate the wider impact of research continues to grow.

VV-Impact Tracker is the number one impact tracking and reporting software on the market. This cutting-edge software helps researchers and research institutions to systematically track, store and analyse aggregated impact data and to develop impact case studies. Users can easily report and demonstrate their impact. The secure, cloud-based platform helps institutions not only store impact data, but also create organisational memory, facilitate cultural change and learning and manage the development of RAE impact case studies. Currently, it is being used across 23 UK, 2 Australia and now 1 Hong Kong universities with 4,000+ academic users.

To register, please RSVP here.

For more information on Vertigo Ventures.
For more information on Innovative Education Services (IES).

The website for this event is at

Charles Wallace India Trust Fellowship at the British Library

(11 June 2018) The British Library announces the call for applications to the Charles Wallace India Trust Fellowship 2018-19. Awarded by the Charles Wallace India Trust (CWIT), the fellowship will be offered to an early to mid-career India-based scholar to work at the British Library. This Fellowship opportunity will involve working with the British Library’s collections from and relating to South Asia. A team of specialist curators work on this internationally-important collection of South Asian books, manuscripts, archives, and visual arts. The Fellowship offers an opportunity to be based with the curators to learn more about the work of the British Library. It also provides the chance for hands-on experience with the collection, to develop curatorial skills.

The Asian and African Studies Blog has the full announcement  including who can apply and how to apply.

MALA demands immediate implementation of Manipur Public Libraries Act 1988

(9 June 2018, Imphal) Demanding immediate implementation of Manipur Public Libraries Act 1988, a sit in protest was staged by Manipur Library Association (MALA) at Keishampat Leimajam Leikai community hall today.

MALA vice president Dr Ch Ibohal, while speaking to media persons on the sideline of the protest, stated that the former President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma introduced the Public Library Act 1988 in the year, 1993.But the act has not been implemented in the State, even after 25 years.

He lamented that the State Govt has continued to brush aside the demands of the association including immediate implementation of the said Act.

The association had submitted numerous memos to the authorities concerned but no positive actions have witnessed till date, he added.

The agitation supported by academicians, will continue if the Govt continue to neglect the demands of the association.

Read the full story here.

Ruth’s Rankings 35: Come together: May updates lead to an investigation of Collaboration

By Ruth Pagell*

(11 June 2018) The following three international ranking updates were released in May.

  • 2018 CWTS Leiden Rankings, where I will focus on the Collaborations module
  • 2018 Times Higher Education, with its ever growing list of Emerging Economies
  • 2018 U21 National Higher Education system rankings, drilling down in “Connectivity”

In addition, Malaysia updated and revised its internal university rankings, SETARA, an update to Ruth’s Rankings 24.


In preparation for the May release of the 2018 Leiden rankings, Waltman and van Eck’s CWTS blog (30 April 2018)  reports on how users access their rankings.  A more complete article is available in arXiv.   CWTS rankings have two modules, Impact and Collaboration.  The authors report that only 7.2% of website visitors use collaboration.  Following up on Ruth’s Rankings 33 and 34 on authors, where we noted the increase in collaboration and its growing importance in rankings, I am featuring  Leiden’s collaboration module and other rankers handling of collaboration.

According to CWTS “there is no best indicator for ranking universities.” (Waltman & van Eck, 11 April 2018).  Since most readers want traditional rankings, see Table 35.1 for the top universities in 2018 for Impact.

Collaboration has three indicators:  total number of papers, number of collaborative papers, and the proportion of papers that are collaborative. The five ways to describe the collaborations are listed below with the top university in “proportion of papers” for each category.

  • Overall collaboration ( all inter-institutional collaborations) – Université Paris IV Paris-Sorbonne. France dominates this list with17 universities in the top 25!
  • International collaboration – King Abdulaziz, Saudi Arabia has three of the top five.
  • Collaboration within 100 km (62 miles) -Peking Union Medical College. Three Taiwanese universities are in the top eight
  • Collaboration greater than 5,000 km (3107 miles-) – University of Hawaii Manoa.
  • Collaboration with industry- China University of Petroleum Beijing. Three Chinese Petroleum universities are in the top five

Table 35.2 compares impact and collaboration. In the impact module the default is to use fractional counting.  For example, if there are three authors from three institutions, each institution receives 1/3 count.  In the collaboration module, every author’s affiliation receives a full count. Two universities with the highest proportion of top 10% publications are also in top ten in proportion of collaborative publications.  Tsinghua University, China’s top ranked university for  proportion in the top ten percent, is ranked 746 for proportion of collaborative papers.

Table 35.3 lists the top ten in number and proportion of international papers.  It also lists the proportion of collaborations with over 5,000K (3,107 miles). It is no surprise that most are universities far from scholarly hubs, such as my local University of Hawaii.  In addition to UH, three are from Chile, three from South Africa and one each from New Zealand and Australia.

Users can download the entire CWTS dataset. Read the methodology for inclusion and descriptions of additional metrics.

The indicators that are used are those agreed upon between CWTS and data supplier Clarivate Analytics (Waltman 2018 email).


Claravite Analytics (CA)- InCites

Articles on individual fields of study in individual countries concluded that collaboration resulted in more highly cited papers. Based on data in Table 35.2, that does not seem to be the trend for overall collaborations. Persson (2010) concluded that “international papers are not well represented among high impact papers”

In its Organizations, Regions and Research Areas modules InCItes has metrics for number and percent of international collaborations and percent of highly cited papers.  For author, it has the two collaboration metrics but only number of highly cited papers. I drilled down in the Organizations module, using the time range 2015- present with a minimum of 5,000 papers. 48 different institutions comprised the list of the top 25 in percent of either highly cited papers or the percent of international collaborations. See Table 35.4 for the top ten list.  Only one institution was on both lists.  78% of the dataset of 640 institutions are universities.  Universities comprise 70% of the top collaborative institutions and 58% of the highly cited. 10 institutions involved in medical research are in the top 50 of highly cited; only one is on the collaborative list.

Elsevier SciVal

SiVal’s Overview module has limited collaboration data.  Select an institution and drill down to find a percent that is highly cited and a percent that is co-authored with institutions in other countries. SciVal has a stand-alone Collaboration module with detailed data for institutions or countries. Select one institution and generate a list of collaborative sites based on number of publications. Preselected data includes Co-authored publications, Co-authors at the institution and Co-authors at the other institution. See Example 35.1 for Peking University’s profile.  The Collaboration module suggests potential collaborating universities. There are no comparisons across institutions or countries


Times Higher Education – Emerging Economies Update with Collaborations

In May, THE issued its fifth  Emerging Economies rankings, including 42 countries and  378 universities. This is renamed from BRICS. THE uses the FTSE classification, based on stock exchanges, for classifying countries. This differs from the World Bank income classification in which 14 of these economies are considered High Income and another 15 upper middle income. [NOTE:  World Bank excel file is not compatible with Office 365]

Like the other THE spinoffs, Emerging Economies uses the same universities as the world rankings and the same data elements which are recalibrated.  International collaboration is 2.5% in world rankings under the International Outlook indicator, which is  worth 7.5% overall.  International Outlook is worth 10% and international collaborations is raised to 3.4%.  Seven of the top 10 overall are from China and the top five in international outlook are from the Middle. East.

U-Multirank 2017 Readymade Research and Research Linkages

U-Multirank includes international publications as part of International Outlook, using Web of Science (WOS) data, as explained in its methodology. Institutions receive grades from A to E. Customize a university set and re-rank by metric.  27 received an A in international publications.  Despite my usual frustration with U-Multirank, it is a site  where both international collaborations and top cited papers are displayed in one table.

U.S. News Global

International collaborations comprise 10% of the rankings. Five percent is the proportion of publications that contain international co-authors, based on WOS data.  According to the methodology. the other five percent is that proportion divided by the proportion from the country the institution is in.  U.S. News Global only displays the rank and the total score. The only way to find universities’ collaborative rankings is to click on each university.

SCImago (SIR) includes international collaboration in its research factor with a weight of 2%.  No data are available.

QS and Webometrics do not include collaboration in their metrics.

U21 Ranking of Higher Education Systems 2018

U21 released its seventh ranking of the top 50 university systems on 11 May 2018.  One of five metrics is “Connectivity”. Four percent includes articles co-authored with international collaborators and another four percent are articles co-authored with industry.  Table 35.5 shows the top 10 countries in the world overall for collaboration and all the Asian countries in the ranking. It also shows the rank for international collaborations. There has been little change since the last time we looked at U21 in the Appendix of Ruth’s Rankings 20. Saudi Arabia made the biggest gain, going up five places. China and the United States have the biggest negative gap between their overall rank and their connectivity rank. U21 notes that larger countries often have lower connectivity scores.  Saudi Arabia was number one in international collaborations. The full report is the source for the connectivity data.  Download full report.

The proportion of collaborative papers keeps growing along with the number of publications overall.  Much more research needs to be done to get a definitive answer to whether more collaboration leads to more highly cited papers.


Malaysian University Rankings – SETARA

When I was writing Ruth’s Rankings 24 last year, I was frustrated by the absence of an updated internal SETARA ranking.  The Ministry of Education skipped 2015 and recently released SETARA 2017, which focuses on teaching, research, and service. Universities have been divided into three categories, using the same three areas of focus but with different requirements and weightings: Mature universities >= 15 yeas old; Emerging universities with <15 years  and University colleges. No universities received a six-star rating in SETARA 2013.  Six mature universities received that rating this year, including one off-shore branch. 21 universities, coming from all three categories, received five stars.

Clarivate Analytics Incites

CA reorganized the way it presents its data in Incites by dividing its bibliometrics into five categories which makes it easier to find relevant metrics.

  • Productivity – percent of document by Q1 to Q4 JIF journals
  • Impact – citation metrics
  • Collaboration – international and with industry
  • Reputation – surveys and organization- supplied data
  • Other – filters

The next article will be on ASEAN universities with emphasis on Thailand, Indonesia
and the Philippines. If any of you have information about the organization of your country’s higher education system, other than Singapore and Malaysia which were covered in earlier articles, please send me an email at


Bothwell, E. (9 May 2018).  THE Emerging economies university rankings 2018: Results announced.

Persson, O. (2010) Are highly cited papers more international?  Scientometrics 82(2).  Access abstract at

Waltman, Ludo and van Eck, Nees Jan.(11 April 2018).  Analyzing the activity of visitors of the Leiden Ranking website.,   accessed 6 May 2018 at

Ruth’s Rankings

  1. Introduction: Unwinding the Web of International Research Rankings
  2. A Brief History of Rankings and Higher Education Policy
  3. Bibliometrics: What We Count and How We Count
  4. The Big Two: Thomson Reuters and Scopus
  5. Comparing Times Higher Education (THE) and QS Rankings
  6. Scholarly Rankings from the Asian Perspective 
  7. Asian Institutions Grow in Nature
  8. Something for Everyone
  9. Expanding the Measurement of Science: From Citations to Web Visibility to Tweets
  10. Do-It-Yourself Rankings with InCites 
  11. U S News & World Report Goes Global
  12. U-Multirank: Is it for “U”?
  13. A Look Back Before We Move Forward
  14. SciVal – Elsevier’s research intelligence –  Mastering your metrics
  15. Analyzing 2015-2016 Updated Rankings and Introducing New Metrics
  16. The much maligned Journal Impact Factor
  17. Wikipedia and Google Scholar as Sources for University Rankings – Influence and popularity and open bibliometrics
  18. Rankings from Down Under – Australia and New Zealand
  19. Rankings from Down Under Part 2: Drilling Down to Australian and New Zealand Subject Categories
  20. World Class Universities and the New Flagship University: Reaching for the Rankings or Remodeling for Relevance
  21. Flagship Universities in Asia: From Bibliometrics to Econometrics and Social Indicators
  22. Indian University Rankings – The Good the Bad and the Inconsistent
  23. Are Global Higher Education Rankings Flawed or Misunderstood?  A Personal Critique
  24. Malaysia Higher Education – “Soaring Upward” or Not?
  25. THE Young University Rankings 2017 – Generational rankings and tips for success
  26. March Madness –The rankings of U.S universities and their sports
  27. Reputation, Rankings and Reality: Times Higher Education rolls out 2017 Reputation Rankings
  28. Japanese Universities:  Is the sun setting on Japanese higher education?
  29. From Bibliometrics to Geopolitics:  An Overview of Global Rankings and the Geopolitics of Higher Education edited by Ellen Hazelkorn
  30. Hong Kong and Singapore: Is Success Sustainable?
  31. Road Trip to Hong Kong and Singapore – Opening new routes for collaboration between librarians and their stakeholders
  32. The Business of Rankings – Show me the money
  33. Authors:  People and processes
  34. Authors: Part 2 – Who are you?
  35. Come together:  May updates lead to an investigation of Collaboration

*Ruth A. Pagell is emeritus faculty librarian at Emory University.  After working at Emory she was the founding librarian of the Li Ka Shing Library at Singapore Management University and then adjunct faculty [teaching] in the Library and Information Science Program at the University of Hawaii.  She has written and spoken extensively on various aspects of librarianship, including contributing articles to ACCESS –